Cat Nutrition Guide | Food Information for Urinary Health
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is a commonly used term when it comes to any urinary tract conditions – so don’t panic if you hear it from your vet. There are things we can to both treat and prevent this problem, but we do need to take them seriously as in severe cases, they’re not just uncomfortable for your cat, but life-threatening. Indoor cats are slightly more susceptible, but it is something to consider with all felines, so let’s irradiate it before it becomes an issue.
Conditions and symptoms…
The most common and irksome conditions are feline idiopathic cystitis and blockages of the urethra causes by urinary crystals. Keep a close eye on your kitty as there are symptoms to help us detect whether or not your cat is suffering from FLUTD. The mentioned conditions may present with blood in the urine, frequent urination, painful urination, unsuccessful attempts at urination and urination outside of the litter tray.
What are the causes?
Whilst we’re unable to pinpoint the exact reason why cats develop these illnesses, FLUTD occurs when crystals and stones form and prevent the passing of urine. The crystals also cause ‘plugs’ which are smaller pieces that block the urethra, especially common in male cats. There are two common types of crystals when it comes to FLUTD: struvite crystals, formed when the urine pH is higher or alkaline, and calcium oxalate crystals formed from acidic urine with a lower pH.
How can a urinary health cat food help?
Our main goal is creating the perfect pH levels in your cat’s urine, preventing it from becoming too acidic or alkaline and producing crystals. A tailored diet can really help achieve this balance. Urinary health foods have specific recipes and have undergone thorough testing. They are also low in dietary magnesium and have a full mix of nutrients to aid the production of acidic urine and prevent struvite production. As opposed to feeding your cat twice daily, once in the morning and once in the evening, feeding multiple small meals throughout the day can really minimise pH fluctuations. Dehydration and weight problems make your cat far more at risk of FLUTD, so always make sure there is a constant bowl of water available and watch your cat’s weight.
FLUTD occasionally needs to be treated with surgery, but the large majority of the time it can actually be treated with foods specifically designed for urinary tract health.
Chat to your vet if you have any suspicions that your cat is dealing with urinary problems. The earlier we can detect the issue, the quicker and easier it is to put right. Your vet can pinpoint which crystals your cat is suffering from and determine the necessary food. It’s important to check which type of FLUTD we are combating as the struvite crystals and calcium oxalate stones require different treatments. Here’s our full range of urinary health cat foods, our Royal Canin Veterinary foods are the absolute premium when it comes to tackling feline health issues.